EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE
Wednesday, 7 December 2011
Sofia Dorsano, firstname.lastname@example.org
Note to media: See abstract 4193
Specific recognition of the major birch pollen allergen Bet v 1 programs
dendritic cells to induce either Th2 or tolerogenic responses
CANCÚN – Ursula Smole and co-workers from the Medical University of Vienna, Austria today presented important findings on the factors that influence whether an individual becomes sensitized or tolerant upon exposure to allergens.
A limited number of proteins have the potential to induce Th2-polarized immune responses and specific Immunoglobulin E (IgE) in genetically predisposed individuals. Why the contact with an allergen results either in allergic sensitization or in tolerance induction has hitherto remained unclear. The investigators focused on the in-depth study of uptake, induction of signal transduction pathways, and gene regulation in monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MoDCs) of allergic and normal individuals in response to the major birch pollen (BP) allergen Bet v 1.0101 and its structural homolog from celery, Api g 1.0101.
The study, supported by grant SFB-F1802 of the Austrian Science Fund, showed for the first time that allergen uptake is specific and similar in dendritic cells from allergic and healthy individuals. More important, the ensuing signal cascade that is triggered by the allergen differs between dendritic cells of the two donor groups and results in a Th2-polarized immune response in allergic individuals as compared to ignorance/tolerance in normal donor cells.
Dr. Moises A. Calderón, of the Royal Brompton Hospital, Imperial College School of Medicine, London, UK added to these findings: “Understanding the mechanisms and pathways of how Bet v 1 can program dendritic cells to induce either aberrant Th2 responses in allergic individuals or tolerogenic/ignorance responses in non-allergics will aid tailoring allergen specific immunotherapy, where the desirable effects are to induce long-term clinical tolerance.”
About the XXII World Allergy Congress
The World Allergy Congress is the biennial scientific meeting of the World Allergy Organization. Meeting attendees gather to learn about the most recent discoveries in allergy, asthma and immunology research and advances in treatment. More than 3,500 physicians and medical professionals from 85 countries will be able to view over 716 scientific abstracts submitted by clinicians from around the world.
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